Knitting: Knitting can be divided into (1). Warp Knitting (2). Weft Knitting
- A weaving way to form the fabric using the movement of the needle to make the vertical-configured yarn bent into a series of yarn ring and to make the newly-formed yarn ring within the columns nested and connected with the previously-formed old yarn ring together. Because the yarn rings in the fabric moves forward in a longitude direction, it is called knitting, and abbreviated as [warp knitting].
Warp knitting machines can be divided into: (1).Tricot (2).Raschel
12 pieces of guide-bars at most in a Tricot machine. There are also two-sided Tricot machine. Presently in Taiwan’s Tricot machines there are mostly 2 to 3 pieces of guide-bars, with main differences on the product structure(e.g.mesh or polar fleece) and their costs!
There are Jacquard Raschel and common Raschel machines more commonly used for producing clothing fabrics, with main differences on the quantity of guide-bars which can bring changes to the styles and the extended patterns.
B.Weft Knitting: A weaving way using the movement of knitting needle to make the yarn bent into yarn rings, set and nested with each other to make the fabric. Yarn in this kind of fabric moves forward in a latitude direction, so it is called [weft knitting].
Kinds of weft knitting machines are as follows：
(1). Flat Knitting Machine (2).Circular Knitting Machine (3). Double-sided Circular Knitting Machine (4). Jacquard Circular Knitting Machine (5). Electronic Jacquard Circular Knitting Machine (6). Hosiery Knitter
The above are the introduction of the weft knitting machines.
The main difference between the weft and warp knitting machines is the warping part. Weft knitting machine just needs to get gauze tube onto the frames and then get the yarns into the yarn rings so it can weave, while warp knitting machine must get yarns of the 588 yarn gauze tubes onto the pan head and take out the warping part, and then yarns can go up onto the machine. On efficiency, weft knitting machine in weaving samples will be relatively faster, but because it weaves in a longitudinal way the fabric is less durable and easier to tear. While the fabric weaved by the warp knitting machine are more durable and less likely to tear. So it depends on customer to choose what kind of weaving machines to weave the fabric!
|Features:||Good moisture absorption, soft, comfortable and healthy to wear; overall fastness and durable; good dyeing property, soft gloss, natural beauty; anti-alkali, can be made into mercerized cotton through high temperature alkali treatment, poor wrinkle resistance, high shrinkage rate.|
|Washing Methods：||Good alkali and heat resistant property, various detergents can be used, can be washed by hand and washing machine, but no bleaching; white clothing can be washed using strong alkaline detergent under high temperature; no soaking, instant washing; air-dry instead of exposure to avoid fading of dark clothes; when drying in the sunlight, place the inside out; wash separately from other clothing; soaking time not too long to avoid fading, no wring.|
|Keeping:||No long time exposure to avoid the reducing of the fastness and the fading or yellowing; air dry with dark and light-colored separated; pay attention to ventilation to avoid moisture absorption and moldy; no soaking of underwear in hot water to avoid yellow sweat stain.|
|Features:||Good air permeability, unique cool feeling, non-stick body while sweating; rough feeling, easy to wrinkle, poor drape property; rigid fibrilia.|
|Washing Methods：||Similar to washing cotton fabric; more gentle than washing cotton fabrics, no hard scrubbing, hard brush washing or hard twisting.|
|Keeping:||Similar to that of cotton fabric.|
|Features:||Protein fibers; soft and natural gloss, soft, more flexible than cotton, linen, silk and other natural fibers ; good anti-wrinkle property, shaped and shape kept easily after ironing; warm, good absorption and air permeability, comfortable to wear.|
|Washing Methods：||No alkali-resistance property, neutral detergent should be used and wool detergent preferred; can be soaked in cold water for a short time, with washing temperature no exceeding 40 degrees; use extrusion wash, no twisting or squeezing to remove water, flat dry or semi-hang to dry, no exposure; wrinkles can be avoided in wet or undried status; no using of pulsator washing machine, the roller washing machine and light wash stalls should be selected; upscale clothing with all-wool or wool blended with other fibers are recommended using dry cleaning; jackets and blazers should be dry washing instead of water washing, no scrubbing with a washboard.|
|Keeping:||No contact with sharp, tough or strong alkali goods; choose a cool and ventilating place to air dry, then for collection, place right amount of mold decay agents; bins should be opened regularly in collection period to keep dry by ventilation; during hot and humid season, air-dry several times to prevent mildew; no hand twisting.|
|Features:||Protein fibers; shiny, unique “silk texture" feeling, smooth, comfortable, elegant and luxurious; more intense than wool, but poorer wrinkle resistance; better heat resistance than cotton, wool, but poorer light resistance; stable in inorganic acid, sensitive to alkali.|
|Washing Methods：||No alkaline detergent be used, neutral or special silk detergents recommended; wash in cold water or warm water, no soaking for too long; gentle washing, no hand twisting and hard scrubbing brushing; air-dry, no exposure, no baking; some silk fabrics should be dry washing; dark silk fabrics should be rinsed so as not to fade; wash separately from other clothing; no twisting.|
|Keeping:||No exposure to avoid reducing fastness and fading, yellowing or color deterioration; no contact with rough, acid or alkaline substances; wash before collection, ironing and air dry, stacking with cloth preferred; no placing mothballs, otherwise it will be yellowed; put cloth under it while ironing, no aurora.|
|Features:||Recycled fiber, the same main ingredient with cotton, both cellulose; colorful, soft, comfortable to wear; poor wrinkle and scratch resistance ; high shrinkage rate, strength intensity decreased about 40% in wet state than dry state ; Tencel (Tencel) wet strength declined by only 15%.|
|Washing Methods：||Similar to washing requirements of cotton fabric; while washing should be more gentle, no rub, hard brush wash or twisting, squeeze and fold to get rid of moisture; instant soaking, the water temperature no exceeding 45 degree; no exposure, air-dry; wash separately from other cloth.|
|Keeping:||no prolonged exposure to avoid reducing the fastness and cause fading or yellowing; air-dry after washing, with dark and light-colored separated; pay attention to ventilation to avoid moisture and moldy; no soaking of underwear in hot water to avoid yellow sweat stain.|
|Features:||Firm and durable, wrinkle resistance, good dimensional stability; poor water absorption, washable and quick drying, easy-care; easy to produce static electricity and pilling, uncomfortable.|
|Washing Methods：||Various washing detergents and soap available; washing temperature below 45 degrees; can be washed by machine and hand.|
|Keeping:||No exposure in sunlight or baking|
|Features:||Good elasticity and abrasion resistance, poor resistance to sunlight exposure, easy aging.|
|Washing Methods：||Use common synthetic detergents, water temperature should not exceed 45 degrees; can be gently twisted, no exposure and baking; low temperature steam ironing, air dry.|
|Keeping:||Ironing temperature should not exceed 110 degrees, and it is absolutely necessary to use steam when ironing.|
|Features:||Good elasticity and thus be called elastic fibers|
|Washing Methods：||Water or Dry washing, low temperature ironing for full cotton silk light; by first treating with high-density alkali and then high quality softener, will be smooth, cool and comfortable like silk; single mercerized light undergoes light treatment once, while double mercerized light twice which has a better result.|
|Keeping:||No long time exposure to avoid reducing the fastness and causing fading or yellowing; air-dry, with dark and light-colored clothing separated; pay attention to ventilation to avoid moisture and moldy; no soaking of underwear in hot water to avoid yellow sweat stain.|
|Features:||Have advantages of both wool and polyester; light and thin texture, good crease recovery, fold and durable, good dimensional stability, washable and quick drying, fast and durable, not damaged by insects, but no smooth feeling like full silk.|
|Washing Methods：||Use neutral detergent or special wool detergent, no alkaline detergent; wash gently, no twisting, air-dry; for upscale clothes like suits and jackets dry cleaning instead of water washing recommended.。|